Here is the lead essay for my new book with the same title as above. It is fairly lengthy, but key to an understanding of Islam.
WHO IS MUHAMMAD’S GABRIEL?
This essay will examine three
questions. First: Who is Gabriel? The answer prompts a second question: Who is
Allah? The answers to these provoke a third question: Who is Muhammad? All that
is Islam hangs on the answers to these three questions.
GABRIEL OF THE BIBLE
The name Gabriel is found in
four places in the Bible: Daniel 8:16 and 9:21, and Luke 1:19 and 1:26. The
name Gabriel means, “God is mighty.”
First, the two passages from the Old Testament book of
Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it. And behold, there stood
before me one having the appearance of a man. And I heard a man’s voice between
the banks of the Ulai, and it called “Gabriel, make this man understand the
vision.” (Daniel 8:15-16)
was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel,
and presenting my plea before the LORD my God for the holy hill of my God,
while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision
at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice.
is thus introduced in the Book of Daniel, and we see more of him in the New
Second, the two passages from the New
Testament Gospel of Luke
While the priest Zechariah
was on duty at the Temple in Jerusalem, an angel of the Lord appeared to him.
The angel announced to Zechariah that the prayers of him and his wife Elizabeth
had been answered, to the effect that Elizabeth would bear a son and his name
would be John. We pick up the story in Luke chapter 1:
Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and
my wife is advanced in years.” And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel who
stands in the presence of God and I was sent to speak to you and to bring you
this good news.” (Luke 1:18-19)
sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named
Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of
David. And the virgin’s name was Mary. (Luke 1:26-27)
we look at the words of Gabriel to Mary in verse 28: “Greetings, O favored one,
the Lord is with you!” Mary, greatly troubled at the greeting, tried to
understand what the angel meant. Gabriel continued:
be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will
conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He
will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God
will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the
house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.” (Luke
Is the angel in Matthew also Gabriel?
about to marry Mary with whom he was engaged, was troubled when he learned she
was pregnant. Thinking to divorce her quietly, he had a visit from an angel
while in a dream. The angel (no name
given) said to him:
son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is
conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will bear a son, and you shall
call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” All this
took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: “Behold, the
virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel”
(which means, God with us). When Joseph woke from sleep, he did as the angel of
the Lord commanded him; he took his wife, but knew her not until she had given
birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.”
the angel who spoke to Joseph the same one who spoke to Zechariah and Mary? We
cannot be completely sure, but it seems as though it must be the case. However,
the argument I am about to make does not depend on the answer to that question,
as both angels in Luke and in Matthew are clearly angels of the Lord.
What have we learned so far?
angelic appearances have to do with the birth of Jesus, the one who would save His
people from sin. The birth was miraculous, accomplished by the Holy Spirit, and
this is all the explanation for the pregnancy we have. The point is clear: no
human being had sex with Mary. Neither God the Father nor God the Holy Spirit
had sex with Mary. The birth was miraculous, and this fits perfectly with the
word God revealed to Isaiah six hundred years earlier:
the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin shall conceive and
bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14)
The passage is referred to as
“The Sign of Immanuel,” meaning that the virgin’s child is God come to be with
us in a miraculous, non-human manner—thus a sign. God actually became flesh,
which the Creator of the universe could do. And He did.
The child born to Mary was
not called Immanuel but Jesus. Immanuel, in traditional Jewish understanding,
is what He, Immanuel, is, which is
God become man. The name Jesus refers to what He would do. “Jesus” is a word derived from the Hebrew name for Joshua. It
means, “God saves.” Joshua was the one who brought the Chosen People across the
Jordan River into the Promised Land of Canaan. Moses would not be allowed to do
this, and the concept is that the Law of Moses cannot in itself bring
salvation. No, salvation is a gift of God and is not by works of the Law. In
His dying for sin, Jesus became the Savior, and this is proven by His
resurrection. Jesus is Immanuel, God with us.
One last word from Gabriel, the angel of the Lord
Gabriel said to Mary in
reference to the child she would bear: “He will be great and will be called the
Son of the Most High” (Luke 1:32). This virgin birth, not the result of sexual
intercourse, would be miraculous. The child would be of the same nature as the Father.
Then Gabriel said, “he will
reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end”
(Luke 1:33). The meaning is obvious—the child will be the reigning King
forever, just as Isaiah had announced: “For to us a child is born, to us a son
is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be
called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isaiah
9:6). Without question, the Prophet Isaiah states that the child born is God
This takes us into the
mystery of the Trinity. We will never fully comprehend how the Father, the Son,
and the Holy Spirit are one and complete God all at once. Christian historians
and theologians simply note what the evidence reveals.
The point is plain enough—the
child born is God in the flesh. He is Jesus born of the virgin in Bethlehem,
the one who would die in our place, taking our sin upon Himself, then on the
third day be raised from the dead. He is alive now in heaven, one day to return
to receive His own.
Nearly six hundred years
later, however, there appeared another “Gabriel.”
GABRIEL OF ISLAM
The majority of Muslims today
hold that the Qur’an is eternal (eternal as Allah is eternal), was brought down
to earth by an angel, and was then recited by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad.
Allah spoke each and every verse to the angel who then recited them, piecemeal,
over the course of about twenty-two years, to Muhammad. Muhammad, unable to
write, memorized the recitations and spoke them to others, who then wrote them
down. (Qur’an means recitation, or that which is recited.)
The angel that appeared to
Muhammad at a cave on the slopes of Mount Hira near Mecca, about AD 610, also
had the name Gabriel. It was the custom of many Jews, Christians, Zoroastrians,
and Gnostics to retire to secluded places in hopes of receiving spiritual dreams
and visions and thereby experience a direct connection with deity. Muhammad was
one of these.
would fast, meditate, and stay awake for days in order to empty the mind and receive
dreams and visions. Muhammad, after a time, achieved trance-like states during
which the angel Gabriel, as the angel announced himself to Muhammad, spoke to
him. We find a hint of this in the hadith of Abu Dawud, Book 12, No. 2247a,
which reads, “When the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) came to himself
(after the revelation ended)…”
reported his visits by Gabriel to his wife Khadija, who supported the idea that
it was indeed an angel speaking to her husband. Muhammad, however, was not sure
of the nature of the vision he had, but eventually adopted his wife’s opinion.
the very beginning of Muhammad’s encounter with Gabriel, he wondered if he was
actually in contact with a jinn (demon) rather than an angel. This is
stunningly apparent based on a hadith reported by Aisha (the mother of the
faithful believers and favorite wife of Muhammad) as found in the most trusted
of all hadiths, Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book 1, No. 3:
The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s
Apostle was in the form of good dreams, which came true like bright day light,
and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in
seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone)
continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take
with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija
to take his food like-wise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him
while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read.
The Prophet replied, “I do not know how to read.”
The Prophet added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed
me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again
asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he
caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more.
He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not
know how to read (or what shall I read)?’ Thereupon he caught me for a third
time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the name of your
Lord, who has created (all that exists) has created man from a clot. Read! And
your Lord is the Most Generous.
was so harshly treated by what he thought was the angel Gabriel that he doubted
it was an angel from Allah at all. He became depressed and considered throwing
himself off the mountain of Hira. It was only through the intervention and
convincing of Khadija, his first wife, that Muhammad was prevented from doing
is an interesting account referred to as “The Lap.” The story is that Muhammad
continued to believe the being that appeared to him was a jinn, a demon.
Khadija, in the midst of Muhammad’s fears and doubts, asked him to sit on her
lap, first one side then the other. When he did she asked him if he saw the
angel. He responded, yes. Then she asked him to sit on her lap and once again
asked if he saw the angel. Again, yes. Then she disrobed and asked Muhammad to
sit on her lap again. She asked if he saw the angel and Muhammad said, no. With
that Khadija convinced Muhammad it was indeed the angel Gabriel by saying that only
a good angel would not look upon a woman’s nakedness.
above account is a paraphrase from the Sira
the official biography of Muhammad. Below now is the account, called “The
Lap” as reported by Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad’s biographer:
Ibn Ishaq recorded that when the spirit came to Muhammad
another time, Khadija tested him:
Ishma’il b. Abu Hakim, a freedman of the family of
al-Zubayr, told me on Khadija’s authority that she said to the apostle of
Allah, ‘O son of my uncle, are you able to tell me about your visitant, when he
comes to you?’ He replied that he could, and she asked him to tell her when he
So when Gabriel came to him, as he was wont, the apostle
said to Khadija, ‘This is Gabriel who has just come to me.’ ‘Get up, O son of
my uncle,’ she said, ‘and sit by my left thigh.’
The apostle did so, and she said, ‘Can you see him?’ ‘Yes,’
he said. She said, ‘Then turn around and sit on my right thigh.’ He did so, and
she said, ‘Can you see him?’ When he said that he could she asked him to move
and sit in her lap.
When he had done this she again asked if he could see him,
and he said yes, she disclosed her form and cast aside her veil while the
apostle was sitting in her lap. Then she said, ‘Can you see him?’ And he
replied, ‘No.’ She said, ‘O son of my uncle, rejoice and be of good heart, by
Allah he is an angel and not a satan.
(Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, tr. Guillaume, 1967, p.
Gabriel in the Qur’an and hadith
Gabriel appears in only three
verses in the Qur’an: Sura 2:97-98 and Sura 66:4.
Muhammad, to mankind):
Who is an enemy to Gabriel! For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to
thy heart by Allah’s leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it and
a guidance and glad tidings to believers. Sura 2:97
an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael!
Then, lo! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers. Sura 2:98
twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts
desired (the ban); and if ye aid one another against him (Muhammad) the lo!
Allah, even He, is his protecting Friend, and Gabriel and the righteous among
the believers; and furthermore the angels are his helpers. Sura 66:4
SAME OR DIFFERENT?
Of incredibly significant
importance is the question: Is the Gabriel of the Bible and the Gabriel of Islam
one and the same?
The reader, of course, will
be aware that I am going to make the case that the two are different, in fact,
very different. However, it is easy to be fooled. The apostle Paul warned the
Church at Corinth that demons could disguise themselves as angels.
men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of
Christ. And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
So it is no surprise if his servants, also, disguise themselves as servants of
righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds.
Let me be clear at once: both
are angels. One is an angel of the Lord; the other is a fallen angel, a demon. My
contention is that a fallen angel—a jinn or demon—appeared to Muhammad on Mount
Hira. Muhammad was right in his first assessment.
The Ultimate Offense
To state that Islam’s Gabriel
is a jinn is to state the ultimate offense for Muslims, since it utterly
negates the big three: Allah, the Qur’an, and Muhammad. Allah because it is
Allah who is relaying to Gabriel what is in the Qur’an. Then Gabriel is no
angel but a demon. And Muhammad is merely passing along what a demon is
reciting to him. Islam is then based upon absolute error and nothing more.
Such accusations, let alone
suggestions, can earn one the death penalty in Muslim-majority societies.
Religions or governments that forcefully, even ruthlessly, stifle dissent show
their weakness. This is true of Islam, even in countries where the Muslim
population is small. If a Muslim abandons Islam, which is called apostasy, he
or she may be punished by death, though this is not clearly spelled out in the
The Christian’s obligation
With the understanding of
this enormous deception, what must a Christian do? Must we remain silent and
not voice even the possibility that the whole of Islam is based on demonic
deception? To refrain from speaking out is immoral and unethical.
Writers of Scripture were
known for denouncing false religion and the behaviors they spawn. Many paid the
ultimate price for standing with the truth. Many are dying today in Muslim
dominated nations for speaking their hearts and minds.
In the face of terror and in
light of the great commission given Christians by Jesus Himself (see Matthew
28:19-20, among others), it is necessary to stand up to the murderous lying of
the chief demon, Satan. Jesus, while countering the attacks of religious
opponents, was clear. Jesus said:
of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires. He was
a murderer from the beginning, and has nothing to do with the truth, because
there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for
he is a liar and the father of lies. (John 8:44)
It is not disrespectful to
challenge error, especially when the difference is between heaven and hell,
both of which are eternal.
ANOTHER ISLAMIC TEACHING ABOUT GABRIEL
Some spokesmen for Islam
identify Gabriel as the Holy Spirit in both the Bible and the Qur’an. From
where in Islam’s authoritative texts do they get this? In Sura 2:87 and Sura
2:253, and without the word Gabriel appearing, we find, “We supported him with
the Holy Spirit.” Islamic interpreters say this “We” is the angel Gabriel. But
the plain text of the Qur’an does not state this.
Not only does the Qur’an not
identify Gabriel with the Holy Spirit, neither does the hadith. Instead we find
just the opposite, as illustrated by Sahih Muslim, in book 30: “Gabriel, the
Apostle of Allah is among us, and the Holy Spirit who has no match.” Gabriel is
not the Holy Spirit.
The Holy Spirit in the Bible
Both the Hebrew Bible and the
New Testament show the nature and identity of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit
is deity, often referred to as the Spirit of God, in that the Holy Spirit is
holy, and only God is holy. The Holy Spirit is omnipresent, is referred to as a
“He” and thus is personal, and is omnipotent, meaning all powerful. And the
Holy Spirit can only be God as are the Father and the Son.
The second verse of Genesis
speaks of the Holy Spirit being involved at the moment of the creation of the
universe. “The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face
of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.”
2 Samuel 23:2-3 identifies
the God of Israel with the Spirit of the LORD.
Spirit of the LORD speaks by me; his word is on my tongue. The God of Israel
has spoken; the Rock of Israel has said to me: When one rules justly over men,
ruling in the fear of God;…
Isaiah 40:13 reads, “Who has
measured the Spirit of the LORD or what man shows him his counsel?” We notice
“LORD” in the phrase “Spirit of the LORD” clearly identifying the Holy Spirit
The New Testament
There is much more, however,
but now we turn to the New Testament, first to the third chapter of the Gospel
A leader of the Jewish people
named Nicodemus approached Jesus at night, presumably to speak with Him in
private. He says he knows Jesus is from God because of the miracles Jesus
performs. Jesus however redirects the conversation by saying, “unless one is
born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Of course, the elder statesman
does not understand how a person can be reborn. Jesus replies, “Unless one is
born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” To be born
of the flesh is one thing, but to be born of the Spirit is quite another. And
we must be clear: Jesus is not talking about any angel much less one named
Gabriel. Only God brings life, both physical and spiritual.
The Holy Spirit works the new
birth or conversion. This is clear in the passage in John 3, and we find the
same in Acts 8:14–20. Also in Acts 3:1–4, the Holy Spirit is directly referred
to as God. The writer of Hebrews also declares that the Holy Spirit is eternal
when in reference to the power of the shed blood of Jesus: “How much more will
the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without
blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to sere the living God”
Looking back to the birth passages
in Luke’s Gospel, we find an answer to Mary’s question to the angel Gabriel as
to how she will have a baby when Gabriel says, “The Holy Spirit will come upon
you” (Luke 1:35). It is obvious that the angel Gabriel separates himself from
the Holy Spirit. Certainly, the Holy Spirit and Gabriel are not the same at
It is clear that neither the
Qur’an nor the Bible anywhere identify Gabriel with the Holy Spirit.
Angel or Holy Spirit?
The goal of Islamic scholars who
claim that Gabriel is the Holy Spirit is intended to contaminate the Christian
doctrine of the Trinity. Which is it then? Is Gabriel an angel or the Holy
Spirit, or maybe both at once, at least from an Islamic point of view? Our
arguments above show that Gabriel is actually a jinn or demon, thus further clouding
an already murky subject.
WHO IS ALLAH?
The Name “Allah”
“Allah” was the name used by
Christians and Jews in the Arabian Peninsula for centuries before the Islamic
era. Indeed, the word Allah was used by Jews in the Arabian Peninsula for the
God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob before the Christian era.
To put it another way:
Neither Muhammad, Abu Bakr, Umar, nor Uthman invented the word Allah. They
would have known the word Allah from childhood.
It is not the word that counts;
it is the content or meaning of the word.
To the Jew of that period,
Allah would be the creator, the lawgiver, and the one who led the family of the
patriarchs out of Egypt and gave them the Promised Land, the land of Canaan.
To the Christian of that
period, Allah would be the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ in addition
to all that the Jewish people believed about God.
It would be only natural for
Muhammad to also use the term Allah in reference to the creator God. Clearly,
however, Muhammad gave new definition to who or what Allah is.
Islam claims that Allah spoke
to Gabriel, who then spoke to Muhammad, who then recited the revelations that
originated with Allah by way of Gabriel to other people, who at some point
committed them to writing.
The narrative of the
collecting of the Qur’an is fascinating. There were so many variations going
about that Uthman, the third caliph after Muhammad, ordered all the renditions be
gathered together in order to make a uniform document. All the other
manuscripts were then burned. But the picture of Allah in the Qur’an is
Allah is distant, speaks
through an angel, loves those who love him, and hates those who do not believe
in him. Allah is called the greatest of deceivers and might lead astray even
the best of Muslims. Though Allah repeatedly refers to himself as the most
beneficent, the most merciful, the most forgiving, and so on, evidence of this is
lacking or scant other than what he says of himself.
It is not unfair nor a
misrepresentation to say that the God of the Qur’an is far different from the
God spoken of in the Bible, both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.
Transcendence versus Immanence
One of the major differences
between the Bible’s God and Islam’s Allah is whether he is present with his
creation. From what we find in the Qur’an and hadith about Allah is that he is transcendent
and not immanent.
In contrast, the God of the
Hebrew Bible, is transcendent but is also immanent, in that He interacts
personally with His people. He walked and talked with Adam and Eve in the
Garden of Eden, otherwise known as Paradise. He did so until the Fall, the
moment that his single law was broken, about which we read in Genesis chapter
three. The terrible consequences of that event was that God’s human creation
was sent east of Eden. But he never left them entirely alone; he did not
abandon them completely.
God once again spoke with a
human being out of a burning bush in the Arabian Desert, when God appeared to
Moses and told him his name, Yahweh (YHWH, known as the Tetragrammaton). God
commanded and directed Moses to supervise erection of a Tabernacle, which
contained a special place within it, the Holy of Holies, where would God dwell.
This was a foreshadowing of
what would come later. The prophets pointed to a time when God would arrive in
person. This is what the word Immanuel means—God present. We can see this in
the word itself, even if we are not Hebrew literate. The last two letters of
Immanuel, “el” is the English transliteration of the Hebrew word for God, El.
Then “imman” and we get our word immanent from it; immanent means present.
Simply put, God with us.
This is who Jesus is.
Is Allah a fiction?
Again, my premise is that
Gabriel is indeed an angel, but a fallen angel. Muhammad was correct when he
thought the being that presented itself at the cave on Mt. Hira was a jinn,
which is an Arabic word meaning demon. It was only his wife Khadija who
convinced him otherwise.
The point then is: If Gabriel
is a demon, and Gabriel is reciting to Muhammad what is supposedly spoken by
Allah, then just who or what is Allah?
It is clear from the Hebrew
Bible and the New Testament that Satan and his demons are surely angels but
fallen angels who became the enemies of God. And Satan is a god, too.
if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled only to those who are perishing. In their
case the god of this world has
blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the
gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
god of this world” Paul says, and
some chapters later in the same letter he writes of those who “veil” the
men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of
Christ. And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.
So it is no surprise if his servants, also, disguise themselves as servants of
righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds.
(Note: An apostle is a messenger, one sent with a message.)
Allah a fiction? No, there is an Allah but it is Satan in disguise who directed
an underling demon to approach Muhammad while Muhammad was in a trance state
and therefore open to demonic invasion.
I committed blasphemy and of the worst sort against the Islamic trinity? Yes,
indeed I have but not out of meanness or an attempt to deceive.
say that Allah is a demon (Shayton or Satan), that Gabriel is also a demon
(jinn), and therefore that Muhammad was very cleverly deceived is the only
possible conclusion given the evidence and arguments above. And this is what
most Christians do believe, but it is a fearful endeavor to put these ideas out
into the public purview, given what we have seen of Islam in these past few
WHO IS MUHAMMAD?
Is Muhammad a true prophet of
Was he duped into thinking he
was hearing words from Allah?
Did he make the whole thing
Was it all a dream?
Was it a scheme to acquire
power and prestige?
Is Muhammad a prophet to be
Is he to be obeyed? Is he to
Is he a false prophet?
We cannot be afraid to ask
these questions. Too much hinges on the answers, for Muslims especially. I am
well aware that Muslim people are sincere seekers after God. Even the most
radical among them are only following through on what has been communicated to
them from the cradle. Muslim people, in my experience, are more “religious”
than most Christians, Buddhists, Hindus, and so on.
Few desire to be with God in
Paradise as much as Muslims. And many will do anything to assure themselves of
being there. After all, no Muslim can be sure they will be in paradise after
death since Allah is a great deceiver and will lead astray any he chooses.
Unlike the Christian who will experience assurance of salvation, the Muslim can
only hope and work hard to earn Allah’s favor.
Some commentators doubt
Muhammad even existed. I am not one of these. As to whether there were those
who embellished the story, especially in the latter part of the seventh and
into the eighteenth century, is a possibility. We are aware Gnostics in the
second and third centuries did that with Jesus, made Him into a super hero and
It is well established that
Muhammad was not certain in his own mind as to the nature of the entity he
encountered on Mt. Hira. At first he thought the ‘angel’ was a jinn, a demon;
his wife Khadija convinced him it was an angel of God.
What is the truth?
That which was revealed to
Muhammad differs utterly from what we see of God in the Bible. Which account is
the true one?
Islam, of course, says that
the revelation to Muhammad supersedes or replaces what is found in the Bible.
And in a number of significant ways. For
instance, Jesus is not God come to be with us and die on a cross for our sin.
Jesus is a prophet but not of the rank of Muhammad. Jesus plays a role in the
last days, but dies and ends up being buried next to Muhammad. It is rather
complex, but the Jesus of the Qur’an (Isa) is not close to the Jesus of
Then, God in the Qur’an is
separated from humans and speaks through an angel. In the Bible, God becomes
flesh and dwells among us. Also, being in Paradise/heaven in the Qur’an depends
upon believing that Allah alone is God and that Muhammad is his messenger. But
that is only the beginning. Mostly heaven is earned by doing good deeds,
working for salvation. In the Bible forgiveness, salvation, and being assured
of heaven depends upon God’s gift alone.
MY CLOSING STATEMENT
Who is Allah? Allah is either
a chief demon, perhaps Satan himself, or a fantasy figure invented by Muhammad.
At minimum, Allah is not God.
Who is Gabriel? Gabriel is
either a jinn, meaning a demon, or again is a fantasy figure invented by
Muhammad. Gabriel is not an angel of the Lord God.
Who is Muhammad? He is a
seventh century man living in Arabia who was either deceived by a demonic
entity or who developed a fictional account of receiving communications from
God. Muhammad is not a prophet of God; he is a false prophet.
Another contradiction within Islam:
There is a cascading danger
for Islam in its claim that Gabriel is the Holy Spirit. Islam is supposed to be
monotheistic, meaning that Allah has no partners. If Gabriel is the Holy
Spirit, then Gabriel is deity as well—Allah has a partner. Add to that the
doctrine held by the traditionalists in Islam who believe that the Qur’an is
eternal in heaven. Another partner? Consider also the reverence shown to
Muhammad. Is it so complete that he is actually lifted to the status of deity
as well? One more partner for Allah?
Muhammad is not God and never
claimed to be, despite how Muslims tend to view him, and neither is Gabriel. If
Gabriel is the Holy Spirit, and the Quran is eternal alongside Allah, and if
every Muslim must model his own life after the “perfect man” Muhammad, it is
not a stretch to say that Islam has a fourfold divinity: Allah, Gabriel, the
Qur’an, and Muhammad.
The list of inner
contradictions emanating from Islam is long, and this essay only introduces
some of them. For further details, please consult Islamic Studies: Equipping the Christian Witness to Muslims,
published by Earthen Vessel Publishing at evpbooks.com.
 The Sira has for centuries been linked with the Qur’an and hadith as
authoritative on the life of Muhammad. In more recent years the Sira has been largely neglected, as the
accounts of what Muhammad said and did are rather fantastic, problematic, and
 Words in parentheses-(
)-indicate explanatory notes made by editors of the Qur’an. Without them so
very many passages of the Qur’an would be unintelligible.
 LORD, all capital letters
shows that the Hebrew text has Yahweh, that name of God as revealed to Moses in
the burning bush incident. See Exodus 3:14.